DAY 18 (rooms in the house)

Today we will learn to name rooms in the house.

istaba room (f)
viesistaba guest room (f)
guļamistaba bedroom (f)
dzīvojamā istaba livingroom (f)
bērnistaba children’s room (f)
ēdamistaba diningroom (f)
vannas istaba bathroom (f)
tualete bathroom / toilet (f)
virtuve kitchen (f)
gaitenis hallway (m)
Kur tu esi? Where are you?
Es esmu dzīvojamā istabā. I am in the living room.
Ko tu dari? What are you doing?
Es skatos televizoru. I am watching TV.

Watch video for pronunciation:

 

DAY 16 (in the house – kitchen)

Language learning can be difficult if you are not taking structured classes and you just learn a word here and there on your own. We have actually tried labeling everything  around the house with Latvian words – kitchen cabinets, doors, window, lamps and tables.

But honestly, it helps for a few days and suddenly you no longer notice the stickers and completely forget about practicing. A month later it can be really cumbersome to get those stickers removed from all over the house :). Maybe it would work for you. If not, watch my videos and practice along.

Today we will learn how to name a few things in the kitchen!

virtuve kitchen (f)
ledusskapis refrigerator (m) 
izlietne sink (f)
trauku skapis dish cabinet (m)
virtuves skapis kitchen cabinet (m)
mikroviļņu krāsns microwave (f)
trauku mazgājamā mašīna dishwasher (f)
plīts stove (f)
ēdamgalds drive way (m)
trauki dishes pl. (m)
katls pot (m)
panna pan (f)
dakša / nazis / karote fork (f) / knife (m) / spoon (f)
plīts stove (f)
ēdamgalds dining table (m)
trauki dishes pl. (m)
es esmu virtuvē I am in the kitchen
es gatavoju ēst I am cooking

Watch video below for pronunciation:

 

DAY 15 (house and yard)

Before we talk about about things inside your house (rooms, furniture etc.), let’s learn a few words and phrases about a house itself and a few things in the yard.

house māja
logs window
durvis door
jumts roof
skurstenis chimney
pagalms yard
garāža garage
mašīna car
piebraucamais ceļš drive way
pagrabs basement
aiz           behind
pie by
uz on
zem under
aiz mājas ir dārzs behind the house is a garden
pie mājas ir ceļš by the house is a road
uz mājas ir jumts on the house is a roof
zem mājas ir pagrabs under the house is a basement

Now we will describe this image:

7.jpgŠī ir mana māja. Manai mājai ir zaļš jumts un baltas durvis. Pagalmā ir garāža manai mašīnai un suņu būda manam sunim. Aiz mājas ir dārzs. Man ir viena mašīna. Mana mašīna ir sarkana.

This is my house. My house has a green roof and white door. In the yard is a garage for my car and a dog house for my dog. Behind the house is a garden. I have one car. My car is red.

Watch video for pronunciation

 

 

DAY 14 (nouns)

Before we can start describing things and putting together sentences, we should learn basics about “nouns” in Latvian.

Latvian language has two noun genders, masculine and feminine.

  1. You can look up the gender in any dictionary (marked m or f)
  2. You can learn these six declension classes – 3 for masculine and 3 for feminine nouns

and the other four figures in this image are used to demonstrate a statistic.-4

NOTE: there are very very very few feminine nouns in Latvian that has an ending -s, they are pretty much considered exceptions.

If you are ever unsure, check the dictionary for gender of the word.

and the other four figures in this image are used to demonstrate a statistic.-3.png

The endings will change between singular and plural forms as well as different cases (nominative, locative, accusative, dative, genitive, vocative and instrumental).

Watch video Learn Latvian – Day 14

 

 

DAY 13 (unique letters and sounds)

On day 12 we learned the whole Latvian alphabet and you must have noticed 11 unique letters and sounds that can be challenging for a non native speaker. Let’s focus on those letters today.

There are 11 accented letters in Latvian language with 3 symbols attached to them to guide you on pronunciation:

  • a horizontal line over these 4 letters ā, ē, ī, ū is meant to extend the sound of the vowel and make it longer.
  • a so called roof sits on top of these 3 consonants č, š, ž and it could be comparing to an English sound ch, sh, zh
  • and the last one looks like a comma that sits under the letters ķ, ļ, ņ and on top of ģ. this marking softens the letter, similar to adding a y. For example, ņ will sound like n+y in a word “canyon”

So there you have it, those are the 11 “special letters”. Latvians like to tease foreigners by offering them to learn these word combinations. Can you say them?

šaursliežu dzelzceļš – narrow gauge railroad

žagaru saišķis – bundle of branches

žeņšeņs – ginseng

Also, to pronounce accents correctly is very important not to loose the meaning of the word. For example:

kāzas – wedding                     vs.                    kazas – goats

Watch video below to listen and practice pronunciation    

DAY 12 (the alphabet)

There is a consistent relationship between spelling and pronunciation in Latvian language. Each letter and each vowel combination has its on sound that does not change. Latvian is pronounced as it is written.

ALPHABET

The Latvian alphabet consists of 33 letters: 24 consonants and 9 vowels:

a, ā, b, c, č, d, e, ē, f, g, ģ, h, i, ī, j, k, ķ, l, ļ, m, ņ, ņ, o, p, r, s, š, t, u, ū, v, z, ž

There are 11 distinctive letters in Latvian alphabet:

ā       (ahh    -as in farm)

č       (chuh -as in church)

ē        (ehh   -as in bagel)

ģ       (d       -as in dewdue)

ī        (ee       -as in feet)

ķ       (like letters t and j together )

ļ        (l          -as in lewd)

ņ       (n        -as in new)

š       (sh       – as in shout)

ū       (oo       -as in cool)

ž       (zhuh -as in seizure)

Click video below to hear pronunciation