DAY 11 (celebrations and holidays)

Holidays are important in every culture. Latvians celebrate common holidays like Christmas, Mother’s Day and Independence Day and they also have unique holidays, celebrated in a very traditional way. One such holiday is Jāņi – Midsummer Day. We will talk about holiday in later lessons. For now, let’s learn main holiday vocabulary and how to wish someone a Happy Birthday and Merry Christmas!

brīvdienas – holidays

Dzimšanas diena Birthday
Vārda diena Name Day
Valentīndiena Valentine’s Day
Sieviešu diena Intl. Woman’s Day
Lieldienas Easter
Mātes diena Mother’s Day
Darba svētki Labour Day
Līgo diena Midsummer Eve
Jāņu diena / Jāņi Midsummer Day
Tēvu diena Father’s Day
Zinību diena Knowledge Day (1st day of school)
Neatkarības diena Independence Day
Ziemassvētki Christmas
Jaunais gads New Year
Daudz laimes dzimšanas dienā! Happy Birthday!
Priecīgas Lieldienas! Happy Easter!
Apsveicu Mātes dienā! Happy Mother’s Day!
Priecīgus Jāņus! Happy Midsummer Day!
Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus! Merry Christmas!
Laimīgu Jauno gadu! Happy New Year!

Click video below to hear pronunciation

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DAY 9 (colors)

krāsa – color

(masculine)

When describing color of masculine things, majority of the time the word will end in “-s“. For example, melns suns – black dog. Suns – dog is a masculine word, therefore color before it will be masculine.

But there are some exceptions. For example “rozā” – pink will stay “rozā” for feminine and masculine.

Let’s learn a few basic colors:

melns – black

zils – blue

zaļš – green

oranžs – orange

rozā – pink

sarkans – red

dzeltens – yellow

balts – white

brūns – brown

tas ir melns – that is black (masculine)

(feminine)

When describing color of feminine things, majority of the time the word will end in “-a“. For example, zaļa zāle – green grass.

melna – black

zila – blue

zaļa – green

oranža – orange

rozā – pink

sarkana – red

dzeltena – yellow

balta – white

brūna – brown

tā ir melna – that is black (feminine)

Click video below to hear pronunciation

DAY 8 (question words)

There are lots of question words in Latvian and most of them happen to start with a letter “K” just like in English majority of question words start with a “W”.

Kas? – What?

Kas tas ir? – What is that?

Kas tev garšo? – What do you like (as in taste, we learned this word when talking about food)

Kur? – Where?

Kur tu esi? – Where are you?

Kur atrodas banka? – Where is the bank located?

Ko? – What?

Ko tu dari? – What are you doing?

Ko tu gribi ēst? – What do you want to eat?

Kāpēc? – Why?

Kāpēc tu raudi? – Why are you crying?

Kāpēc tu negribi iet uz kino? – Why don’t you want to go to the movies?

Kad? – When?

Kad tu nāksi ciemos? – When are you coming to visit?

Kad tu būsi atpakaļ? – When will you be back?

Cik? – How (much)?

Cik tev ir gadu? – How old are you?

Cik ir pulkstens? – What time is it?

Vai? – a question word, typically  to form yes/no questions. Similar to do/does?

Vai tev patīk Latvija? – Do you like Latvia?

Vai tu gribi iet peldēties? – Do you want to go swimming?

Vai tava māsa runā latviski? – Does your sister speak Latvian?

Of course, there are more question words in Latvian, but we will learn those later on.

Click video below to hear pronunciation

 

DAY 7 (numbers)

Today we will learn numbers and how to tell your age.

1 viens 6 seši
2 divi 7 septiņi
3 trīs 8 astoņi
4 četri 9 deviņi
5 pieci 10 desmit

padsmitteen

viens + padsmit = one + teen

vienpadsmit – eleven

divpadsmit – twelve

trīspadsmit – thirteen

and so on…

11 vienpadsmit 16 sešpadsmit
12 divpadsmit 17 septiņpadsmit
13 trīspadsmit 18 astoņpadsmit
14 četrpadsmit 19 deviņpadsmit
15 piecpadsmit

desmit ten

divi + desmit = two + ten

divdesmit – twenty

trīsdesmit – thirty

četrdesmit – fourty

and so on….

20 divdesmit 70 septiņdesmit
30 trīsdesmit 80 astoņdesmit
40 četrdesmit 90 deviņdesmit
50 piecdesmit 100 simts
60 sešdesmit 1000 tūkstotis

HOW OLD ARE YOU

man ir divdesmit četri gadi – I am 24 years old (directly translated – I have 24 years)

es esmu divdesmit četrus gadus vecs/a – I am 24 years old (m/f) 

Cik tev ir gadu? – how old are you? (directly translated – how many years you have)

Cik tu esi vecs? – how old are you?

Click video below to hear pronunciation

DAY 6 (food)

Latvian cousine is primarily meat, potatoes and dairy. Also fish is commonly consumed due to Latvia’s location on the East coast of the Baltic Sea.

If you travel to Latvia and have the pleasure of being invited into a Latvian home, you will be rushed into the room, sat down and offered a beverage accompanied with a sweet baked treat or appetizer. You will see this as a pattern from house to house. Coffee pot will start brewing within 2 minutes.

So let’s learn a few useful words and phrases for such occasion.

ēdiens – food

ēst – to eat

vai tu gribi ēst – do you want to eat

jā, es esmu izsalcis – yes, I am hungry

kafija – coffee

tēja – tea

alus – beer

sula – juice

piens – milk

ūdens – water

vīns – wine

siers – cheese

maize – bread

siera maize – cheese-bread

maize ar sieru – bread with cheese

āboli – apples (pl)

ābolmaize – apple pie

kartupelis – potato

gaļa – meat (any kind)

vistas gaļa – chicken meat

cūkas gaļa – pork meat

liellopu gaļa – beef meat

man garšo – I like (meaning, enjoy the taste of smth.)

man garšo kafija ar pienu – I like coffee with milk

paldies par pusdienām – thank you for dinner

man ļoti garšoja pusdienas – I really enjoyed dinner (meaning, I found dinner to be really delicious)

es gribu vēl – I want more

brokastis – breakfast

pusdienas – lunch

vakariņas – dinner

Click video below to hear pronunciation

Also, watch video about food from one of our visits to Latvia

 

 

DAY 5 (love)

Before we take on our next subject, let’s learn a few words about LOVE! Yes, I am pretty sure that many of you are searching for Latvian lessons online thanks to love, friendship, new relationship with a Latvian person ♥♥♥ There are several phrases that we always learn in a foreign language and saying “I love you” is one of them!

mīlestība – love

es mīlu tevi – I love you

Vai tu mani mīli? – Do you love me?

tu esi skaista meitene  – you are beautiful girl

mana draudzene – my girlfriend (also, my female friend)

mans draugs – my boyfriend (also, my male friend)

bučas – kisses

dod man bučas – give me a kisses

tu man ļoti patīc – I like you a lot (I really like you)

es gribu ar tevi darudzēties! – I want to be friends with you

Vai tu gribi iet uz kino ar mani? – Do you want to go to the movies with me?

romantiskas vakariņas – romantic dinner

Cute Latvian sayings:

meitene kā puķe – girl as a flower (meaning beautiful as a flower)

es esmu iemīlējies līdz ausīm – I am in love up to my ears (basically – head over heals in love with someone)

Click video below to hear pronunciation